This list of common cancer types includes cancers that are diagnosed with the greatest frequency in the United States, excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers.
Cancer incidence and mortality statistics reported by the American Cancer Society and other resources were used to create the list. The most common type of cancer on the list is prostate cancer, with more than 238,000 new cases expected in the United States in 2013. The next most common cancers are breast cancer and lung cancer.
Because colon and rectal cancers are often referred to as “colorectal cancers,” these two cancer types are combined for the list. Kidney cancers can be divided into two major groups, renal parenchyma cancers and renal pelvis cancers. Approximately 92 percent of kidney cancers develop in the renal parenchyma,2 and nearly all of these cancers are renal cell cancers.
The following table gives the estimated numbers of new cases and deaths for each common cancer type:
|Cancer Type||Estimated New Cases||Estimated Deaths|
|Breast (Female – Male)||232,670 – 2,360||40,000 – 430|
|Colon and Rectal (Combined)||136,830||50,310|
|Kidney (Renal Cell)||63,920||13,860|
|Lung (including Bronchus)||224,210||159,260|
- American Cancer Society: Cancer Facts and Figures 2013. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, 2013. Also available online (PDF – 1543 KB). Last accessed March 20, 2014.
- National Cancer Institute
- U.S. National Institutes of Health